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Term Information

Accession
GO:0005739
Name
mitochondrion
Ontology
cellular_component
Synonyms
mitochondria
Alternate IDs
None
Definition
A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration. Source: GOC:giardia, ISBN:0198506732
Comment
Some anaerobic or microaerophilic organisms (e.g. Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia intestinalis and several Microsporidia species) do not have mitochondria, and contain mitochondrion-related organelles (MROs) instead, called mitosomes or hydrogenosomes, very likely derived from mitochondria. To annotate gene products located in these mitochondrial relics in species such as Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia intestinalis or others, please use GO:0032047 'mitosome' or GO:0042566 'hydrogenosome'. (See PMID:24316280 for a list of species currently known to contain mitochondrion-related organelles.)
History
See term history for GO:0005739 at QuickGO
Subset
goslim_aspergillus
goslim_flybase_ribbon
goslim_drosophila
goslim_chembl
goslim_plant
goslim_generic
goslim_mouse
goslim_agr
goslim_candida
goslim_yeast
goslim_pir
Feedback
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Comments, changes to terms, or requests for new ontology terms can be made at GO issue tracker on GitHub.

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Graph of GO:0005739

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Parents of mitochondrion (GO:0005739)
subject[Reorder by subject] relation[Reorder by relation] object[Reorder by object]
mitochondrion [is_a relation] is_a  intracellular membrane-bounded organelle (GO:0043231)
mitochondrion [BFO:0000050 relation] BFO:0000050  cytoplasm (GO:0005737)
Children of mitochondrion (GO:0005739)
subject[Reorder by subject] relation[Reorder by relation] object[Reorder by object]
mitochondrial gene expression (GO:0140053) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial calcium ion homeostasis (GO:0051560) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial derivative (GO:0016007) [is_a relation] is_a  mitochondrion
mitochondrial protein catabolic process (GO:0035694) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial membrane organization (GO:0007006) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial envelope (GO:0005740) [BFO:0000050 relation] BFO:0000050  mitochondrion
mitochondrial ATP synthesis coupled proton transport (GO:0042776) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial proton-transporting ATP synthase complex assembly (GO:0033615) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial nucleoid organization (GO:0090144) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial translational elongation (GO:0070125) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
interfibrillar mitochondrion (GO:1990844) [is_a relation] is_a  mitochondrion
mitochondrial respiratory chain complex III assembly (GO:0034551) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
Nebenkern (GO:0016006) [is_a relation] is_a  mitochondrion
subsarcolemmal mitochondrion (GO:1990843) [is_a relation] is_a  mitochondrion
mitochondrial DNA packaging (GO:0090139) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial depolarization (GO:0051882) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial RNA metabolic process (GO:0000959) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial matrix (GO:0005759) [BFO:0000050 relation] BFO:0000050  mitochondrion
kinetoplast (GO:0020023) [BFO:0000050 relation] BFO:0000050  mitochondrion
mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase assembly (GO:0033617) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial DNA metabolic process (GO:0032042) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial RNA localization (GO:0019093) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial translational initiation (GO:0070124) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial ATP synthesis coupled electron transport (GO:0042775) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial protein complex (GO:0098798) [BFO:0000050 relation] BFO:0000050  mitochondrion
mitochondrion-associated adherens complex (GO:0097423) [BFO:0000051 relation] BFO:0000051  mitochondrion
ocelloid (GO:0097693) [BFO:0000051 relation] BFO:0000051  mitochondrion
mitochondrial translational termination (GO:0070126) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
maintenance of protein location in mitochondrion (GO:0072656) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial DNA replication (GO:0006264) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial respiratory chain complex II assembly (GO:0034553) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial translation (GO:0032543) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
mitochondrial intracristal space (GO:0044290) [BFO:0000050 relation] BFO:0000050  mitochondrion
mitochondrial protein processing (GO:0034982) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  mitochondrion
NIF_Subcellular
sao1860313010
Wikipedia
Mitochondrion